Traditional Brown Patinas are available in 8oz., 32oz., 1 gallon, and 5 gallon sizes. Spray tops are included with 8oz. and 32oz. bottles. Liver of Sulfur is sold as a powder in 2oz., 4oz., and 16oz. sizes by weight. One gallon of Traditional Brown Patina generally covers 200 sq. ft.
Antiquing Patina creates an aged brown to black finish on bronze, brass, and copper. On iron, steel, aluminum, and zinc, it will produce a grey to black patina. It should not be used on stainless steel. Antiquing Patina does not need to be diluted, but may be thinned with distilled water for a lighter finish. This cold patina is commonly used on the Metal Coatings and as a base for Traditional Green Patinas.
Darkening Patina is most commonly used cold on bronze, brass, and copper to produce a beautiful brown finish. This patina is often diluted with distilled water before use to lighten the color. Normal colors will range from golden brown to very dark brown (almost black). On iron and steel, Darkening Patina will create a grey to black finish. On zinc, this patina will also be black.
Deep Brown Patina creates a slow reacting brown finish on bronze, brass, and copper. On iron and steel, it will produce a quick dark brown patina with greys and blacks. On zinc, the finish is a fast developing yellow brown. It should not be used on stainless steel. Deep Brown Patina does not need to be diluted, but may be thinned with distilled water for lighter coats or colors. Additional coats will darken the patina.
Ferric Nitrate Patina creates a transparent brown patina when applied hot to bronze, brass, and copper. It does not need to be dilutued before use. The final color is determined by the strength of the solution, amount applied, surface preparation, and the temperature of the metal during application. Lighter applications will be transparent golden brown. Additional coats will turn dark burgundy to brown and more opaque. Ferric Nitrate Patina is commonly used over a Liver of Sulfur base to produce a chocolate brown patina. On iron, steel, and zinc, Ferric Nitrate Patina is applied cold and takes hours to develop. On iron and steel, this process generates a stable orange rust. On zinc, the result is a yellow brown finish.
Ferric Nitrate/Ferric Chloride Patina produces a transparent red brown finish when applied hot to bronze, brass, and copper. Similar to Ferric Nitrate Patina, the final color and opacity is determined by the application process. Additional coats will turn darker brown and more opaque. Ferric Nitrate/Ferric Chloride Patina does not need to be diluted before use.
Japanese Brown may be used on bronze, brass, and copper resulting in a golden brown finish, but it is most commonly used hot or cold on iron and steel. When applied cold to iron or steel, a brown rust will form. On heated iron or steel, a dark chocolate finish will result. Heat will darken the color as well as reduce mottling.
Liver of Sulfur is the classic darkening patina for bronze, brass, and copper. Depending on the surface, the strength of the solution, and the application method, it will produce a golden brown to a burgundy black patina. It is most commonly used as a base patina to increase contrast between light and dark areas. Liver of Sulfur may be used hot or cold and must be water rinsed to stop the reaction. To create the patina, combine 1 tsp. with 1 pint of distilled water. The solution will deteriorate rapidly so it is recommended to only mix enough for a day or so. Unused chunks should be sealed and stored in a cool, dry, and dark location.
Tan Patina creates an opaque tan finish on all metals. It is applied hot or cold depending on the surface. Tan Patina is often layered with other Traditional Brown Patinas such as Ferric Nitrate or Japanese Brown. It is also commonly used cold on the Metal Coatings, especially iron, to produce rust. It may be diluted up to 50% with distilled water for a lighter finish.
Oil Rubbed Patina is a rich brown finish for bronze, brass, and copper. The patina should be applied at room temperature and will take a few minutes to develop. To ensure an even finish, rub the first coat with a Scotch-Brite pad, then apply a second coat.
White Bismuth Patina produces an off-white finish on bronze, brass, and copper. It is applied hot (180-200°F) and may be diluted up to 50% with distilled water. White Bismuth is commonly used as a base patina for other hot patinas such as Ferric Nitrate.